Our ancestors believed that geranium drives away evil spirits and protects the house. This flower can be used as a medicinal plant. But most often geraniums are bred for the sake of lush flowers. Experts willingly share simple secrets of caring for this plant, answering the question: why does geranium not bloom?
The homeland of geranium (pelargonium) is South Africa. The flower appeared in Europe in the 16th century; it was brought to Russia in the 18th century. Geranium usually blooms from May to October. Such a long flowering period attracts florists. When favorable conditions are created, pelargonium can be made to bloom in winter.
Each indoor variety has its own characteristics:
Zonal geranium got its name from the sectional color of the leaves.
Fragrant geranium leaves exude a strong scent
King geranium is the unrivaled beauty of all plant species
Geranium is unpretentious, but if certain growing conditions are violated, it refuses to bloom. The most common reasons for this are:
It also happens like this: everything is done correctly, but there were no flowers, and there are no flowers. Shock therapy can be tried. Nature is so arranged that any living creature seeks to continue the race when there is a threat to life. Therefore, it is worth trying to create unfavorable conditions for pelargonium, so that it hurries to bloom and preserve its genus. Several methods can be used for this:
Geranium does not like moving from one window sill to another. When the first buds appear, it is better not to touch the pelargonium and leave it in the same place. You cannot even turn to the sun with the other side, the plant can discard the inflorescences.
In order for the geranium to bloom, you can try to create unfavorable conditions for it.
A few simple tricks for a lush geranium bloom:
Pruning is a prerequisite for abundant and long flowering of geraniums. It should be carried out in compliance with some rules.
After the end of flowering, autumn pruning of geraniums is carried out. It is carried out in the following order:
Pelargonium, prepared in the fall and overwintered favorably, will delight the owner with abundant flowering throughout the spring, summer and autumn.
Pruning in the spring is considered a must, as it helps the bush to change greenery and form many flower stalks. A small nuance: spring pinching and pruning slows down the onset of flowering for several weeks. But the flowers are larger.
Spring pruning occurs in late February and early March. A large plant is pruned a little. Deep pruning will result in long-term foliage recovery and may prevent geraniums from flowering this season. It is enough to remove diseased and bare stems. You can experiment with small bushes: cut any shape. It is important to leave at least two kidneys.
Spring pruning helps the bush to change greenery and form many flower stalks
Geranium does not have to be a compact bush. Pelargonium can be used to create a magnificent standard tree. It looks unusual: a bare trunk more than 1 m high, topped with a flowering bouquet.
For the standard type of geranium, all side shoots are removed. The central trunk is tied to a vertical support, after reaching the desired height, it is pinched. All lateral branches are again removed from the plant, leaving the top five shoots. Each of them is pinched after the appearance of the fourth bud. The inflorescences form a large blooming ball. But with this method of cutting, geraniums will bloom only after a year.
Stamp geranium can compete on equal terms with the rose
Already in March, the plants should be stopped feeding with nitrogen fertilizers, which stimulate the growth of green mass. Phosphate fertilizers are required for good flowering. In addition, they increase the vitality of the plant. A good top dressing is a superphosphate extract. You can use special formulations for indoor plants, for example, "Ideal". During the flowering period, it should be fed once every two weeks, in the winter rest period - once during the whole winter. If the plant continues to bloom in winter without falling into a dormant state, it is necessary to apply fertilizers in the "summer" mode.
In the first year after transplanting into fresh soil, feeding is not required, there will be enough nutrients for the plant.
For good flowering geraniums require phosphorus fertilizers.
Florists advise giving potash fertilizers in small doses to pelargonium. At home, an ash extract will be an ideal supplier of potassium. For this, 1 tbsp. l. pour wood ash with 1 liter of water, insist for a day and drain. 1 tbsp. dilute the hoods in water and water the plant.
Another important element for the abundant flowering of pelargonium is iodine. It has a positive effect on the number of buds and the formation of inflorescences. The solution is prepared at the rate of 1 drop of iodine per 1 liter of water. For a geranium bush, 50 mg of solution is enough. It is necessary to water along the walls of the pot so that the solution does not get on the plant.
Blooming geraniums require special care. Timely watering and feeding keep flowering for a long time. At the same time, it is worth observing the plant and changing its care depending on the signs that it gives:
Geranium pays for good care with exquisite beauty
As you can see, caring for geraniums is simple, but necessary. For proper watering, feeding, pruning, the grateful plant will respond with lush flowering, which can be admired all year round.
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Pelargonium bloom begins in February - March and can continue until late autumn. Then comes the period when the flower needs peace, at this time it is gaining strength and is preparing to pick up the buds again. If this does not happen in due time, then there are problems, both for the flower and for its mistress.
Geranium, which has ceased to bloom, discourages almost all lovers of this plant. And before you do something, you need to understand the possible reasons.
And there may be several of them:
Having dealt with what prevents pelargonium from blooming, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive revision of the "non-flowering" plant.
Royal pelargonium is more demanding to care for than other types of geraniums. It does not bloom so long, but these huge beautiful flowers fascinate at first sight. What to do to make the geranium queen delight with flowers.
You need to know the basic rules of care. Common reasons for the lack of flowers:
As mentioned above, like any geranium, the royal also loves abundant sunlight, in the shade it stretches out, drops its buds.
She is afraid of drafts, you need to provide her with a quiet, bright place.
The pot should not be large, until the roots fill it completely - flowering will not come.
In winter, you need to give the flower a break:
King geraniums are pruned in the fall or early spring. For lush flowering, the tips of the shoots are pinched over 4-5 leaves.
If you follow these simple rules, geraniums will delight you with their flowers, as in the photo.
Adhering to the above recommendations, the question of why geranium does not bloom will disappear as unnecessary. And already in February, everyone's favorite geraniums will glow in all shades of red and pink on the windowsills.
The reasons for this may be the following factors:
Why does not bloom, but only forms foliage
Some plant varieties have their own characteristics. For example, the question often arises why royal geranium does not bloom. This variety, unlike other varieties, has a lush bush that requires special pruning and maintenance. The flowering of a culture may not start for the following reasons:
Why does royal geranium not bloom?
Important! To choose the optimal place in the house for growing geraniums, you need to move the pot. Very often, after changing the place, the plant begins to bloom actively.
A plant such as astilba has problems with flowering, as a rule, the following reasons:
Spring pruning is easier than autumn pruning and is more beneficial to the plant, but should be done with caution. During this period, sap flows are started in pelargonium, rest ends. In order to determine whether it is necessary to subject the flower to pruning, its appearance is assessed.
To understand whether pruning is necessary for geraniums, you should pay attention to its appearance. The bare trunk is not cut, but if the shape is neat, you can subject the plant to spring pruning. At the same time, I remove all stems growing inward, old branches, side shoots that break the shape. In ampelous species, remove all long branches devoid of foliage and inflorescences.
What does cropping give? She favors:
First of all, you need to decide what shape to give the flower. After that, you can start the procedure according to the generally accepted scheme:
Pruning with scissors
Pay attention! There is an unspoken rule for pruning geraniums - it is necessary to remove no more than a fifth of the shoots, otherwise the timing of the flowering of pelargonium will significantly shift. After the procedure, the cut sites are treated with ash or cinnamon; you can use crushed activated carbon, alcohol solution or brilliant green.
In order for the geranium bush to recover quickly after the pruning, it needs to create several gentle conditions:
|Temperature||A temperature rise of 3–5 ° C is allowed (compared to winter temperature).|
|Lighting||Intense, preferably south-facing window.|
|Watering||A gradual return from moderate winter watering to normal watering.|
|Top dressing||Spraying with Epin's solution (once a week, three times a month).|
|Air humidity||No promotion required.|
In order for geraniums to grow and bloom well, it must be properly looked after throughout the year, knowing all the features of this flower. The most important moment in development is spring awakening, when the bush is actively growing. At this point, you need to help the plant as much as possible and apply suitable mineral fertilizers. It is important that the amount of nitrogen is not more than 11%, because high rates will contribute to the appearance of exclusively greenery, without any flowering.
With the installation of stable warm weather, the flower is transferred to open ground or to a balcony. Due to the difference in temperature indicators of day and night, the flower is activated and begins to emit a large number of buds. For abundant flowering, it is worth picking off or cutting off those inflorescences that have already wilted.
Pruning is another important step in the normal development and care of a plant. Normalizing greens, and cutting off old stems helps the bush to bloom, you should not carry out these activities only with royal geraniums, pruning is too much stress for it. The procedure for removing unnecessary parts of the plant is carried out in the fall, and at the end of winter you need to pinch the bush, which in the future will allow the geranium to bloom profusely.
The plant can be pruned in both fall and spring and the procedure will be different. Autumn pruning will look like this:
If you properly prepare geraniums in the fall, then it will overwinter well and will actively grow in spring, delighting with bright foliage and abundant flowering.
If we talk about spring pruning, then it is a mandatory event, because it allows you to update the greenery and give an impetus to the formation of flower stalks. Due to spring pruning, the flowering period is inhibited for a couple of weeks, but as a result, the flowers grow larger and more beautiful. It is recommended to carry out these activities in late winter or early spring.
If the bush is large, it is not recommended to cut it heavily, because it will take a long time to recuperate, and this can lead to a complete lack of color. If the bush is young and small, then it can be formed as you like, without harming development. The main criterion for pruning will be the presence of at least two buds on the plant.
To create optimal conditions, the flower should be transplanted into open ground, so caring for it will be easier, and natural conditions will contribute to active growth and flowering. It is quite easy to determine the time for a transplant, the main factor is the absence of significant temperature changes during the day or at night. By autumn, it is worth planting the geranium again in a pot, cutting it off strongly so that the bush begins to prepare for winter. The organization of a cool temperature will make it possible for pelargonium to gain strength over the winter and actively grow with the onset of spring.
As for leaving during flowering, it should be as correct as possible so that this process is longer. Watering and feeding, which are carried out in a timely manner, are important. If you devote maximum time and attention to a flower, you can easily understand how exactly you need to care for it.
Indoor plants need care and attention, and, receiving them, they can fully develop, delighting their owners with a beautiful appearance and massive flowering. Any deviations must be studied and corrected, otherwise the flower can be ruined.
Why don't roses bloom? : Why don't roses bloom? "> Send by mail
Almost at the same time two letters from our regular readers Natalia and Ekaterina came to the mail of our site. Natalia asks:
Last year I planted a rose, it began to actively sprout. I bought it not as a climbing one, but kept all the grown shoots in the winter. Now the rose continues to grow, but does not give buds. What's the matter?
Ekaterina has a similar question:
For two years a rose has bloomed and in this it has begun to sprout and not even a single bud. What to do. Please tell me what to do.
There may be several reasons why the rose does not bloom.
If the rose is grafted, it can actively form wild growth, which can be recognized by the smaller leaves than those of the scion and a greater number of thorns on the shoots. Wild shoots not removed in time weaken the grafted part of the plant, the bush runs wild. There will be no flowering in this case. If you, Natalya, have a grafted rose, then it is necessary to cut out all the shoots that appear at the very root in time, otherwise very soon instead of a varietal rose, you will get an ordinary wild rose.
If we are talking about a rooted rose, then you, like Catherine, may have overfed the bush with nitrogen fertilizers. This leads to increased growth of new shoots to the detriment of flowering. It will hardly be possible to quickly correct this situation. However, you can feed the rose with a mixture of superphosphate and potassium salt, or apply a special phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Ordinary ash can also be used. Phosphorus contributes to the formation of buds, and in addition, increases the winter hardiness of the plant. Since excess nitrogen reduces the rose's resistance to cold, such help will come in handy.
Cut out any thin and weak branches, and in the fall, carry out a strong pruning of the bush and take care of a good winter shelter for it. In the future, it is advisable not to allow either a deficiency or an excess of nutrients in the soil, which is also harmful.
If the shoots are weak, thin, grow slowly, and the buds have already set, then pinch the latter, remove the growth points and feed the plant with nitroammophos (20-25 g per 1 sq. M). Thus, they cause a wave of stronger growth. Shoots often grow unevenly. In this case, the shoots, strong ones that have overtaken others in growth, pinch. So it becomes possible for the weaker to develop more intensively. These operations delay the flowering of roses by 2-3 weeks, but provide more vigorous plant development and subsequent mass flowering.
After flowering, the ovary with the upper 1-2 leaves is cut to a normal leaf, consisting of 5 plates. At the end of the first wave of flowering, the crown of the bushes is thinned out, removing small thickening branches from the middle. When lightening and trimming the crown, it is necessary to ensure that the upper buds are directed outward of the bush. Roses with a spreading bush and lodging shoots are pruned to the bud, directed inward.
Do not weaken the bushes by cutting all flowers into bouquets. During this operation, try to thin out the bushes at the same time.Below each cut peduncle, 2-3 leaves are left, from the buds of which new shoots will be formed in the future, providing secondary flowering.
By the end of summer, try not to cut flowers unnecessarily. It is necessary to remove only wilted petals, and not the whole flower, so that the buds on the shoot do not germinate.
Seed formation delays the awakening of the kidneys. This is facilitated by the pinching at the end of summer of new shoots, especially fattening ones, at the same time this technique accelerates the ripening of shoots. Watering and feeding by this time is stopped.